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Robotic Milking System (RMS)

Milking is a rather complex process, consisting of several tasks that require a lot of milker's work and attention. Furthermore cows should be milked usually twice a day in the lactation period (approximately 300 days) so it means everyday farmer's care and subject of all farm schedules to this rhythm. The most demanding part of milking besides collecting of cows for milking and cleaning of milking machine after that, is udder washing, installing milking units and milking itself. In automatic milking system cows are free to come to the milking machine so they decide by their own for time and interval of milking. The system cleans, pre-milks, dries and stimulates each teat individually using water, compressed air and a vacuum. A teat position laser sensor  scans udder and helps robotic arm for automatic teat-cup application and removal. The gate system controls cow traffic. When the cow enter the milking unit (due to highly palatable feed that she finds in the milking box), a cow ID sensor reads an identification tag (transponder) on the cow and passes the cow ID to the control system. If the cow has been milked too recently, the automatic gate system sends the cow out of the unit. If the cow may be milked, automatic teat cleaning, milking cup application, milking, and teat spraying take place. The system also monitors udder health and count somatic cells as an indicator of the milk quality and presence of harmful bacteria.

Economic analysis

The capital investment is150,000 € to 200,000 € per robot that will milk 50 to70 cows.


Name: Fullwood milking robot
Fullwood Limited, UK-based milking equipment manufacturer,
Country: United Kingdom
Fullwood Ltd, Grange Road, Ellesmere Shropshire SY12 9DF, UK
Web site: Fullwood
Phone number: +44 (0)1691 627391


Name: Farm Zabret
Dairy production
Country: Slovenia
Bobovek 4 , 2000 Kranj
Contact: Tilen Zabret
Phone number: 0038640174832
Location: Farm Zabret


Because the farmer is not involved in milking process (he only need to supervise data and health of the herd) is there more time for other tasks on the farm
The milking process is consistent for every cow and every visit, and is not influenced by different persons
The four separate milking cups are removed individually, meaning that an empty quarter does not stay attached while the other three are finishing, resulting in less threat of injury
Milking frequency may increase to three times per day, however typically 2.5 times per day is achieved. This may result in less stress on the udder and increased comfort for the cow. Higher frequency milking increases milk yield per cow
Computer control of milking process allows very effective data collection and precise analysis of trends in the herd, health conditions of each cow and response of milk production on different living or other changes. The farmer can detect unusual changes indicating illness or injury very early.

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by Dr. Radut