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Body movements

Movements in the human body
FLEXION Bending
EXTENSION Straightening
ABDUCTION Moving away from the reference axis
ADDUCTION Bringing closer to the reference axis
CIRCUMDUCTION Combination of: flexion, abduction, extension, adduction
ROTATION Movement around a single long axis
LATERAL ROTATION Rotation away from the midline
MEDIAL ROTATION Rotation toward the midline
PRONATION Medial rotation of the radius, resulting in the palm of the hand facing posteriorly (if in anatomical position) or inferiorly (if elbow is flexed)
SUPINATION Lateral rotation of the radius, resulting in the palm of the hand facing anteriorly (if in anatomical position) or superiorly (if elbow is flexed)
DORSIFLEXION Lift the front of the foot
PLANTAR FLEXION Point the toes downward
INVERSION Plantar side toward the medial plane
EVERSION Plantar side away from the medial plane
PROTRACTION Foward
RETRACTION Backward
ELEVATION Superiorly to the reference axis
DEPRESSION Inferiorly to the reference axis
OPPOSITION Thumb movement that brings the tip of the thumb in contact with the tip of a finger

The following pictures show you the names of the main body movements.


Tonye Ogele CNX. Body Movements I (CC BY-SA)
Tonye Ogele CNX. Body Movements II (CC BY-SA)

Multi-choice questions

Question

EXTENSION

Answers

Bending

Straightening

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Question

ABDUCTION

Answers

Moving away from the reference axis

Bringing closer to the reference axis

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Question

CIRCUMDUCTION

Answers

Movement around a single long axis

Combination of: flexion, abduction, extension, adduction

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Question

LATERAL ROTATION

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Rotation away from the midline

Rotation toward the midline

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Question

PRONATION

Answers

Lateral rotation of the radius, resulting in the palm of the hand facing anteriorly (if in anatomical position) or superiorly (if elbow is flexed)

Medial rotation of the radius, resulting in the palm of the hand facing posteriorly (if in anatomical position) or inferiorly (if elbow is flexed)

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Question

PLANTAR FLEXION

Answers

Point the toes downward

Lift the front of the foot

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