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Basic strategies

5 Basic Opening Principles of Chess to Always Follow

1. Attack the Center Squares

The squares that make up the center of the board are e4, e5, d4 and d5.

The center is a very important area of the board in the opening of chess since it’s where all the action happens. Players generally push their central pawns first followed by their knights and bishops.  With a lot of pieces able to attack the center quickly, it makes sense to attack and defend these squares.

2. Develop Your Minor Pieces (Knights before Bishops)

Let’s start with what minor pieces means.  In short, minor pieces are your knights and bishops, while major pieces are your queen and rooks.  Pawns and Kings are not considered, but of course they are important.

You will be in a greater position if you can develop BOTH of your knights and BOTH of your bishops before you move your queen or your rooks (aside from castling) as you will have more pieces able to attack the center more quickly.  The chances you will have to gain a piece, such as a pawn, is very good if you can get more pieces to focus on the center.

3. Don’t Move Your Queen Too Early

Do not move the queen too early in an opening because it leaves your most valuable piece too vulnerable. The queen is the strongest piece and to a lot of newer players this means she must be used right away.  However, it’s important to note that your queen can never win a game by itself.  It can certainly go far into the game and capture a lot of pieces, but it can never win on its own. Having your minor pieces support the queen means you will find more success and lines of attack.

4. Castle and Move Your King From the Center

Surprise checks can ruin your focus, timing, and position, so it’s important to hide your king away from the center, which is where all of the pieces are.  Castling is an extremely important part of the opening because if you lose your king, you lose the game.

Castling accomplishes two things.  You are moving your king away from the center where all the action is happening and bringing your rook into the game to help attack/defend the center.  You are able to castle on either the king-side or the queen-side.  It’s important think about which side you want to castle before you do so as the motion of your opponent’s pieces and your own pawn structure can determine which side you go to.

If there’s a lot of focus on your queen side, it would be unsafe and unwise to castle this direction because you’re putting your king in danger. That’s an example where you would want to castle towards the king side.

5. Don’t Move the Same Piece Twice

The opening of chess is all about timing and seeing which side can complete their plan first. The best way to accomplish this goal is to reduce the amount of times you move a piece, even if it seems like a good idea at first.

You can find much more information in next website  https://www.ragchess.com/5-basic-principles-of-chess-openings-to-always-follow/

Basic strategies

Read the sentences below and fill in the missing words.

  • The squares that make up the of the board are , e5, d4 and .
  • You will be in a greater if you can develop BOTH of your and BOTH of your before you move your or your .
  • Do not move the too in an opening because it leaves your most valuable piece too .
  • is an extremely important part of the opening because if you lose your , you lose the game.
  • You must the amount of you a piece, even if it seems like a good idea at first.

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