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PRONUNCIATION: Review of the pronunciation of ending ˂-ed˃

Many of the adjectives of feelings seen on the previous exercises end in ˂-ed˃: surprised, scared, etc. Remember that in section 5.2 we saw that ending ˂-ed˃ has 3 different pronunciations: /d/, /t/ and /Id/ sounds.

Listen and repeat the names. Pay attention to the /d/, /t/ and /Id/ sounds.

Ana Losada e José Luis MuradoCC BY-SA


Ed /d/


Kate /t/


Astrid /Id/


Exercise 1

Listen to the sentences twice. Who is the subject? Pay attention to the pronunciation of ending ˂-ed˃ in each adjective in bold type. Is it Ed /d/, Kate /t/ or Astrid /Id/?

Ana Losada e José Luis Murado.CC BY-SA


Example: Ed was surprised when he heard the news

  1. was shocked to see him furious
  2. is excited about going to the concert
  3. was embarrassed when her mother kissed her
  4. was disappointed when she saw only 2 people in class
  5. is annoyed when people are not punctual
  6. is scared when he is alone at home
  7. was fascinated by the book she read last week
  8. felt disgusted when she had to eat liver

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Exercise 2

Read the following sentences aloud. Draw the table below in your notebook (or copy and paste it on an electronic document) and put each adjective in bold type in the correct column as in example 0.

0. ExampleAstrid was disgusted when she had to eat liver

  1. I felt relaxed when I finished all the exercises
  2. My brother was really terrified after watching that horror film
  3. Peter was amazed to see so many presents for him
  4. I'm very interested in piano lessons
  5. She's really worried about her final exams
  6. Your mum works too much, she's very stressed
  7. After the marathon they were completely exhausted
  8. Are you frightened of any insect?
  9. I'm so tired! I need a rest


/d/ /t/ /Id/